The Tiger study

Global Tiger Day is celebrated annually on July 29th.

Global Tiger Day was observed for the first time in 2010 at St. Petersburg Tiger Summit in Russia with a firm commitment of doubling the tiger population by 2022. The Tiger Census completed last year shows that we will definitely attain the target.

‘’The All India Tiger Estimation is now in the Guinness World Records for being the largest camera trap wildlife survey, a great moment indeed and a shining example of Atmanirbhar Bharat”,  the Union Minister for Environment  Prakash Javadekar shared his views on Twitter.

Really it’s a great moment to whole nation to note that India’s Tiger estimation as 2,967 tigers, which is about 75 % of the global tiger population.  The study was conducted using most modern  Camera Traps that were fitted with motion sensors that start recording when an animal passes by. These Camera traps were kept in 26,838 locations across 141 sites in different states of the country. A total of 3,48,58,623 photographs of wildlife were captured during the period covering an effective area of 1,21,337 sq.km by the Department.

The Tiger Census 2018-19 has made it to the Guinness Book of World Records for being the world’s largest camera trapping wildlife survey.

As per the Ministry of Environment and Forest, Tiger population of India was at 2226 in 2014, an increase of 30.5% estimate of 2010.  The study also noted that area occupied by tigers outside the protected areas has decreased.   The existing tiger reserves represent nearly one third of India’s high density forest area.  It is reported that Madhya Pradesh has the highest tiger population.  Other states with significant populations are Uttarakhand, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Assam, Kerala and Uttar Pradesh. Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of tigers as 526 followed by Karnataka reporting as 524 tigers as per the Reports.  World’s 80% tigers are in India and the major tiger landscapes are Shivalik Hills and Gangetic Plains, Central India, Eastern Ghats, North-East Hills, Brahmaputra Plains and the Sundarbans.    There are 50 Tiger reserves under the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA). In the 4th National Tiger Estimation studies released  it is report that Madhya  Pradesh’s  Pench Sanctuary and Periyar Sanctuary, Kerala are the best managed tiger reserves in the country

In Madhya Pradesh, there are six tiger reserves namely Pench Tiger Reserve, Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve, Kanha Tiger Reserve, Satpura Tiger Reserve, Sanjay Dubri Tiger Reserve and Panna Tiger Reserve. Jim Corbett National Park is the oldest tiger reserves in the district of Nainital, Uttarakhand.

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